Tijmen Rooseboom – Head Somalia Unit
Anne Marinussen – Senior Policy Officer
Hanna Smit – Intern
Two decades after the collapse of the Somali Republic, South-Central Somalia remains a major epicentre of violence and severe drought. The long-lasting conflict concentrates on the destabilized South-Central Somalia where the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) fights the extremist-Islamic Al Shabaab. Others regions like Somaliland and Puntland operate relatively independent from other parts of Somalia and enjoy a degree of stability, although Puntland struggles with weak governmental structures. A solution for this conflict starts primarily in Somalia, despite an extremely complicated situation. Two agreements (Djibouti Peace Agreement of 2008 and the Road Map of 2011) aim to stabilize Somalia; achieve peace and reconciliation; and recover from the long-lasting conflict and dire humanitarian situation.
Millions of people throughout the country are in need of humanitarian assistance. The Somalia situation cannot be seen in isolation from the regional context. The most effective approach to achieve the mentioned objectives operates from a regional perspective. Therefore, the Netherlands supports efforts by the European Union (EU), the United Nations (UN) and non-governmental organizations in their aim to enhance the governmental structures and the rule of law; improve the livelihoods of people; and make them resilient to address future droughts.
Piracy and illegal migration arise due to the absence of a legitimate and effective authority. The Netherlands contributes to the EU mission NAVFOR (mission Atalanta) with several navy ships to counter piracy in the Gulf of Aden and off the coast of Somalia, to protect transport and humanitarian aid shipments by WFP.
- The support from the Netherlands is mainly channeled through a multilateral approach (EU, United Nations Support Office for AMISOM, International Contact Group on Somalia, United Nations Political Office for Somalia, Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of Somalia).
- The Netherlands supports several specific projects in Somalia for example building the parliamentary buildingof Somaliland, the House of Elders, enacted by AWEPA.
- The Netherlands aims to enhance the cooperation among the humanitarian partners dealing with the crisis in Somalia. To ensure timely, well targeted humanitarian aid.
- Through financial support, the government of the Netherlands aims to stabilize and strengthen the rule of law (via projects of UNODC (UN Office on Drugs and Crime) and UNDP) in Somalia. Furthermore, the Netherlands aims to promotesresilience for future droughts from grassroots-level. Concerning Somalia, the EU is an important actor for the international community.
- EU Africa Peace Facility
- United Nations Political Office for Somalia (also for more information about UNSOA)
- UN Resolution 1863 - a UN peacekeeping operation in Somalia
- WFP Somalia (World Food Programme)
- FAO Somalia (UN Food and Agricultural Organisation)
- UNOCHA Somalia (UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Somalia)
- UNDP Bureau for Crisis Prevention
- AWEPA – House of Elders